UNDP report between 1990 and 2012: Strong increase of the human development index of Algeria

The Human Development Index (HDI) of Algeria”” increased significantly between 1990 and 2012, allowing it to be among the countries with high human development”,” the report said 2013 Program United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

UNDP said in the report on human development as the HDI for Algeria stood at 0.713 in 2012 against 0.625 in 2000 and 0.562 in 1990 (0.461 in 1980), knowing the maximum value of the HDI is 1. The year 2012, Algeria is ranked in the 93rd position out of 187 countries worldwide, the first place went to Norway (0.955) and the last position in Niger (0.304). Regarding the classification of developing countries based the” negative” significant gap in HDI compared to the maximum value of this index, the UNDP puts Algeria in the top 20 in this category by achieving close this gap by 34.4% since 1990. According to the HDI, UNDP classifies countries into four (4) categories: countries with a human development respectively” high”,” high”,” medium” and” low” . In the Maghreb, Algeria is behind Libya ranked 64th with an HDI of 0.769, followed by Tunisia in the 94th place with an HDI of 0.712, Morocco at the 130th place with an HDI of 0.591 and ranked among the human development countries” means” and Mauritania ranked 155th with a score of 0.467 on the list of countries with low human development”.” Addressing the standard of education in Algeria, the report indicates that the rate of literacy among the population aged 15 and older is 72.6% with a dropout rate of 5% in primary education. According to the UNDP, the rate of satisfaction with the quality of education is 67.1%. Regarding the criterion relating to the” perception of individual well-being,” the UN organization stresses that life satisfaction in Algeria is 5.2 on a maximum score of 10, while job satisfaction is 57%. based on the parameter on the perception of the company””, UNDP notes that the satisfaction of the community is 73.9% and the confidence in the government is 53% .Additional criteria considered for assessing the country’s HDI also focused on per capita income, inflation, unemployment, social spending of the state debt, life expectancy, the rate of maternal mortality, gender equality, the adoption of technology (computers, internet, telephony …), expenditures for research and development, the rate of electrification and environmental protection. countries in Arab, the average HDI of 0.652 that Qatar has the highest rate of this region with an index of 0.834 and ranked 36th in the world, notes the report of 228 pages. As for sub-Saharan Africa, the average HDI of 0.475 which is the highest index of the Seychelles Islands with 0.806 occupying the 46th place in the world, while South Africa is the 122nd place with an HDI 0.629. global Top 10 is formed of Norway (HDI of 0.955), Australia (0.938), United States (0.937), the Netherlands (0.921), Germany (0.920), New Zealand (0.919), Ireland ( 0.916), Sweden (0.916), Switzerland (0.913) and Japan (0.912). Dynamic economies of South In its analysis, the UNDP argues that the meteoric” transformation” of a number of large developing countries in dynamic economies with a growing political weight, has a considerable influence on the progression of human development. By 2020, he predicts, the combined economic output of three developing countries (Brazil, China and India) alone exceed the total production of the United States, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom. This expansion is largely encouraged by new business and technology partnerships established between the South themselves, says the organization. However, she insists that economic growth does not automatically translate into an improvement in human development. 2013 report highlights four areas of specific actions to maintain the momentum of development. It is, he advocates, d” ‘promote equity, including the gender dimension of gender, to increase the representation and participation of citizens, especially young people, to confront problems manage environmental and demographic changes.” For UNDP,” discontent is increasingly important in both North and South, as more people want to express their concerns and influence policy decisions, particularly in terms of basic social protection.” Young people, the report says,” are among the most active protesters because it is in part a reaction to the lack of jobs and limited opportunities to find one for educated young people” .

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